It may be recalled that on 15th of August, 2022, I posted a video here made by one Dr. Maryam, a lady physician who described the medical condition known as “sleep paralysis” called ‘Dannau’ in Hausa, which many of us thought was caused by jinns. It may also be recalled that I wrote on the video in Hausa that “In kaje wajen wani boka sei yace aljana ta aureka ko wani aljani ya aureki, da sauran shirme irin nasu”. That is bokaye kenan, who are 419.
A comment made on what I wrote on the video by one M Raasho Yola caught my attention. M Raasho wrote that “Dannau daban, auren aljani ga mace ko namiji shi kuma daban.” I hit the ‘like’ button on the comment and ignored it. Not that Raasho’s comment was not important but rather because the comment introduced the possibility or otherwise of marriage between humans and jinns or possibility of having sex between jinn and humans which I considered important to our society and ought to be treated separately. This I want us to treat today. Hopefully Mallamai, medics, and people knowledgeable in the field could enlighten us.
Actually this issue agitated my mind when I was young because I have heard of several stories of ‘aljanine ya aureta’. In fact there was a particular spinster in Dasin who could not be married early at that time whom many people gossiped that ‘ginnawol on te’i mo, dum do hubinamo haje bo tas’ in Fulfulde; which means she had a jinn husband who married her and it satisfied her well. That was why she could not marry a human being, they said. At that time it was common to hear of spinsters though even married women were rumoured to have had the experience. Sometimes a male human was said to have reported that he was visited by a female jinn and they had an affair, just as females were said to have reported of their affair with a jinn.
These are stories I heard when I was growing up in the village as I have said, but I have never met any human, male or female, who directly experienced it. And when I set to write this, all the persons I contacted only told me that “I have also heard it”. “Nima haka naji”.
Having left the village long time ago, it has been clear to me now that contrary to what people then believed, as many men may never marry, many women may also never marry in their lives. And this, I know pretty well cannot be attributed to any jinn. Nonetheless, being a matter of belief, based on what I read on possible jinn-human marriage, I am not sure whether a jinn can marry a human or vice versa.
Three things actually confuse the more on this matter. So I detailed them below as follows-:
1. When I set to research the possibility of marriage between jinn and humans, I visited Darul Iftaa https://daruliftaa.com/https://daruliftaa.com where it is written that “classical scholars are of the opinion that despite being extremely rare, it is possible for marriage to take place between humans and Jinn”. Darul quoted Qadhi Badr al-Din al-Shibli al-Hanafi in his masterpiece work on the subject of Jinns, Aakam al-Marjan fi Ghara’ib al-Akhbar wa Ahkam al-Jann, where he quoted many early Muslim scholars such as Tha’alabi, Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Dari, A’mash and Abu Yusuf Saruji, who held the view that not only is human-Jinn inter-marriage possible, but rather, there are instances where such marriages have occurred” referring us to Aakam al-Marjan P: 98-104.
To further buttress the position of the classical writers, Darul said that “Imam Suyuti also mentions a few reports from the early generations pointing to the occurrence of marriage between humans and Jinns” and that Qadhi Badr al-Din’s opinion that jinns married humans “was supported by Imam Ibn Taymiya who said that humans and Jinns have got married and have had children as a result of their marriage” referring us to the book Laqat al-Marjan fi Ahkam al-Jann by Suyuti.
I am not in a position to dispute this as I have not read any of the books quoted to see their reasons for saying so, to enable me interrogate those reasons. Besides, I have very limited knowledge on the matter.
2. After reviewing position of classical writers on the matter, Darul Iftaar put forward a position also in https://daruliftaa.com, https://daruliftaa.com by bringing out Qur’anic verses to prove their stand on the possibility or otherwise of marriage between humans and jinn as follows-:
i. that Allah Says in Suratul Rum (Romans) 30:31 thus – :
“And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquillity in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.”
From this verse, Darul said there is serious doubt of the possibility of marriage between jinn and humans by arguing that “even if it could occur, it would not be possible to have that companionship and love between the spouses due to their different species.
ii. that in Suratul Naml (The Bee, 16:72) Allah says -:
“And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. Then in falsehood do they believe and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve?”
iii. that in Suratul Nisa’i (The Women) 4:3 where Allah says -:
“And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline (to injustice).”
For these three verses in Suratul Rum (Romans) 30:31, Suratul Naml 16:72 and Suratul Nisa’i 4:3, quoted above, Darul argued, “spouses can only be from one’s own kind, since Allah Most High used the term: “from among yourselves” and “likewise, marry women” two instances that refer to females from the daughters of Prophet Adam (peace be upon him), and as such, this permissibility will not be generalized to other species without a clear textual evidence”.
“Moreover”, as Darul explained, “even if it is possible for jinn to marry humans” and vice versa, since “Jinns can take different forms, it is possible for a male Jinn to appear in the form of a female” and visa versa and as such “that marriage between a human male and a female Jinn and between a human female and a male Jinn is not lawful due to them being separate species (ikhtilaf al-jins)”.
Darul further argued that since “it is not permissible for man to marry an animal because they are of different species as the above Qur’anic verses show” to think otherwise would mean “the wisdom behind marriage would be lost”.
The writers of Darul concluded by saying “Allahu a a lam” meaning Allah knows best. Which means they may be right or wrong in their position as to whether it is possible for jinns to marry humans.
3. A third position is that held by a contemporary scholar. When asked the question “can a jinn have sex with my wife”, he answered emphatically in the negative, saying it is absolutely impossible for a jinn to marry a human or vice versa based on Surah al-Hijr (26-27) where Allah says –
“And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud. And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.”
Thus according to him, this kind of marriage is not possible because Jinn is created from energy (fire) while human is created from mater (clay). These two can not copulate anyways. He then concluded that “It is all myth and baseless motion, Fake peer and Aamels spread such propaganda to exploit simple people”.
Mallamai dan Allah a bamu haske. For me personally, based on the Qur’anic verses above quoted, I am more inclined to believe that it is impossible for jinn to marry a human or for the two different species to have sex. Allahu ta’ala a a lam.